History of Mersin District of Mers

It is said that the foundation of Ilçenin is based on the Hittites and that the name at that time is Yenika or Yenikande and it means “Yenişehir”. It is understood from the book in the western part of Mut Kalesin that it is the name CLAUDO POLİS during the Romans period.

It is believed that a commander named MUT’S or MUT’YOS from the commanders of Alexander the Great, who joined the territory of Macedonia by Alexander the Great in 334 BC, came from the name of the commander of today’s name.

During the reign of Harun Reşit (786-809), Abbasi passed through the Muslims in the time of Reşit (11th century). The Yoruk Bey, a kind of Seljuks sons, ruled the rulers of Mut and its region. After Selcuks, the region which was ruled by Karamanoğulları, Ishak pasha of the viziers joined the Ottoman lands. Ishak pasha mut fortune. At the end of the Second World War, Mut fell into the Occupied Territories of the Italians and received congratulatory telegrams from the Great Leader Atatürk for his contribution to the War of Independence, running for the help of the occupied neighbors who were not occupied.

The district of Mut is located on the skirts of the Taurus Mountains on the banks of the Göksu River. There are settlements on the Mersin-Karaman State Highway (D-715) and 250-300 altitude surrounded by Silifke in the east, Erdemli in the west, Karaman in the north and Gülnar in the south.
The total area of the province is 2860 km2. In the district, which has the characteristics of Mediterranean climate and terrestrial climate, the annual amount of rainfall per m2 is 412 kg. It is arid and hot in summer and warm and rainy in winter. There are Kozlar and Sertavul springs and Çınaralti and Karaekşi National Parks.

The construction date of the castle in the city is unknown. Karamanoğulları of today’s state shows the devaluation character. The rectangular form of the castle has four towers and a tower called the inner castle.

The Alahan Monastery, which Evliya Çelebi said, “seems to have just emerged from the hands of his master,” is on the Mersin-Karaman highway, around the Geçimli Mahallesi, 20 km north of Mut. It is 1300 m high and is erected on a steep slope overlooking the Göksu Valley.

During the spread of Christianity in Cappadocia and Lycia (Konya), the acceptance of these new religions was followed by the fear of being killed by unbelievers, Those who believe in Jesus are forcing worship in rocky hollows of caves in mountainous regions. St. He made adventurous travels to Konya-Cappadocia and Antalya-Antakya to spread Christianity together with Paul and Barnabas, a Christian pioneer who lived in Tarsus.

Here are the places where these two Christian saints stood there during their trips. The Alahan Monastery is one of these.

The Alahan Monastery Complex, estimated to have been built in the years 440-442, consists of the Western Church, the Monastery, the Eastern Church, rocky carved monks’ chambers and the surrounding graveyards. The churches have common architectural features with the Hagia Sophia Museum. Master carved stone carving is seen. The first church was divided into three columns with two rows of corinthian columns. Narteksten is decorated with embroidered weft and side stitches of the main door. St. Paul, St. The six-figure Gabriel, a symbolic creature of Mikail, the roaring lion, eagle and ox symbols, biblical descriptions, grape clusters, vine leaves and fish motifs are depicted richly.

To the south of the large courtyard east of the churches was the ceremony where religious ceremonies were held, 11 m. It is shaped like a gallery with arches and columns in its length. In the middle of the gallery there is a large niche with lots of embroidered decoration all over the crowd. There is an apse baptistery in the gallery and tombs which are the most splendid structure of the Alahan Monastery opposite. The northern wall of these graves is carved into the rock, there is no top cover. The core of the nefin is interesting. This is a square tower with four arches sitting on pillars and pillars. The operator has been converted to eight years. The door frame is decorated.

16 km from Mut near Kozlar Plateau. It was built in 1230 on the order of Alaattin Keykubat according to the inscription on a bastard which is still standing. When she is made on steep rocks and steep rocks, her appearance gives a creep. Height 150 m. d. The rooms inside the castle, heavy houses, edifices, irrigation boats and interior water cisterns plastered with Khorasan mortar were carved from rocks and great effort was spent.

It is 35 km north west of the town of Mut. The ancient name of Corapissus indicates that the city is situated on the ancient road, giving a special importance to the old city. In the ancient city there are many animals hanging on the branches of the tree of life, and the floor mosaic embellished with geometric patterns hits the surface. 15×5.50 m. which is the base mosaic


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